The COVID-19 pandemic has affected all aspects of human wellbeing including oral health.


The COVID-19 pandemic has affected all aspects of human well-being including oral health. Regular dental visits and a healthy lifestyle is necessary for optimum oral hygiene maintenance however during the pandemic this has not been undertaken by many. Furthermore, the suspension of dental treatment during the lockdown periods added extra fuel. During the pandemic, a large portion of the population adopted a sedentary lifestyle and non-advisable drinking habits which have an impact on oral health. Improper brushing regimens along with increased intake of sugar and carbohydrates have shown a detrimental on oral health. Increased intake of sugars and improper brushing techniques leads to the accumulation of a sticky substance on the surface of the tooth called plaque. Long-standing plaque becomes hard and is called calculus which causes gum diseases. It leads to gum bleeding, and bone loss causing food accumulation between the gums and also movement of gums below from their original position called gum recession. Oral health has also declined during the pandemic due to the increased levels of stress in the population. Stress can be attributed to factors such as job redundancies, fear of isolation, the safety of one’s family, and changes in daily routine patterns for an unknown span of time. Stress leads to a lower immune system which in turn makes an individual more prone to infections of the mouth. Stress plays a major role in initiating gums diseases such as bleeding gums, and unintentional grinding of teeth which further leads to muscle problems. If left untreated these can lead to further effects on the gums and can eventually lead to the tooth becoming mobile. This condition may become acute in patients suffering from chronic diseases such as diabetes, hypertension, and so on. In these difficult times, it becomes necessary to take care of oneself, brushing twice daily, flossing and using mouthwash if required, eating a well-balanced diet, and also going for dental checkups which could be to the clinic or through online consultation are some advice in order to maintain one’s oral hygiene.

By Dr.Fatema Revat
Ex-General Manager

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